Int J Biol Sci 2014; 10(1):53-63. doi:10.7150/ijbs.7975 This issue
Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.
The Trichoptera (caddisflies) is a holometabolous insect order with 14,300 described species forming the second most species-rich monophyletic group of animals in freshwater. Hitherto, there is no mitochondrial genome reported of this order. Herein, we describe the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of a caddisfly species, Eubasilissa regina (McLachlan, 1871). A phylogenomic analysis was carried out based on the mt genomic sequences of 13 mt protein coding genes (PCGs) and two rRNA genes of 24 species belonging to eight holometabolous orders. Both maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses highly support the sister relationship between Trichoptera and Lepidoptera.
Keywords: Mitochondrial genome, phylogeny, Trichoptera, Holometabola.