Int J Biol Sci 2017; 13(8):976-984. doi:10.7150/ijbs.19191 This issue
Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, No.600, Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, China.
† These authors contributed equally to this work.
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a kind of malignant bone tumor that occurs frequently in the region surrounding the knee joint and poses a threat to the health of teenagers. Since the application of chemotherapy to treat OS, 5-year survival rate in patients has improved from 10% to 70%, but patient survival has not changed over the past four decades. Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) is a member of the PRMT protein family; it acts as an oncogene in many cancers, but its function in OS is still unknown. In this study, we found that CARM1 is overexpressed in OS and its expression is correlated with the Enneking stage. CCK-8 and colony forming assays showed that proliferation in OS cell lines was downregulated when siRNA was used to knockdown CARM1 expression. The cell cycle was inhibited in S phase after si-CARM1 transfection in OS cell lines. An antibody array indicated that Erk1/2 (Thr202/Tyr204), PARS40 (Thr246), and GSK3β (Ser9) expression are affected by CARM1, and western blotting verified that CARM1 promotes OS cell proliferation via pGSK3β/β-catenin/cyclinD1 signaling. Accordingly, CARM1 is a crucial gene in OS and is a potential new treatment target.
Keywords: Osteosarcoma, CARM1, pGSK3β/β-catenin/cyclinD1