Int J Biol Sci 2023; 19(3):897-915. doi:10.7150/ijbs.81609 This issue Cite

Review

An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism

Yu'e Liu1✉#, Yihong Sun1#, Yadong Guo2#, Xiaoyun Shi3#, Xi Chen4, Wenfeng Feng1, Lei-Lei Wu5, Jin Zhang6, Shibo Yu7, Yi Wang8, Yufeng Shi1,9✉

1. Tongji University Cancer Center, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China.
2. Department of Urology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
3. Institute of Artificial Intelligence, Hefei Comprehensive National Science Center, Hefei, China.
4. Xi Chen, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.
5. Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, 200433, Shanghai, China.
6. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 39216, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.
7. Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
8. Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.
9. Clinical Center for Brain and Spinal Cord Research, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China.
#These authors contributed equally to this work.

Citation:
Liu Y, Sun Y, Guo Y, Shi X, Chen X, Feng W, Wu LL, Zhang J, Yu S, Wang Y, Shi Y. An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism. Int J Biol Sci 2023; 19(3):897-915. doi:10.7150/ijbs.81609. https://www.ijbs.com/v19p0897.htm
Other styles

File import instruction

Abstract

Graphic abstract

Mitochondria are intracellular organelles involved in energy production, cell metabolism and cell signaling. They are essential not only in the process of ATP synthesis, lipid metabolism and nucleic acid metabolism, but also in tumor development and metastasis. Mutations in mtDNA are commonly found in cancer cells to promote the rewiring of bioenergetics and biosynthesis, various metabolites especially oncometabolites in mitochondria regulate tumor metabolism and progression. And mutation of enzymes in the TCA cycle leads to the unusual accumulation of certain metabolites and oncometabolites. Mitochondria have been demonstrated as the target for cancer treatment. Cancer cells rely on two main energy resources: oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis. By manipulating OXPHOS genes or adjusting the metabolites production in mitochondria, tumor growth can be restrained. For example, enhanced complex I activity increases NAD+/NADH to prevent metastasis and progression of cancers. In this review, we discussed mitochondrial function in cancer cell metabolism and specially explored the unique role of mitochondria in cancer stem cells and the tumor microenvironment. Targeting the OXPHOS pathway and mitochondria-related metabolism emerging as a potential therapeutic strategy for various cancers.

Keywords: mitochondria, cancer, tumor metastasis, tumor metabolism


Citation styles

APA
Liu, Y., Sun, Y., Guo, Y., Shi, X., Chen, X., Feng, W., Wu, L.L., Zhang, J., Yu, S., Wang, Y., Shi, Y. (2023). An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 19(3), 897-915. https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.81609.

ACS
Liu, Y.; Sun, Y.; Guo, Y.; Shi, X.; Chen, X.; Feng, W.; Wu, L.L.; Zhang, J.; Yu, S.; Wang, Y.; Shi, Y. An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism. Int. J. Biol. Sci. 2023, 19 (3), 897-915. DOI: 10.7150/ijbs.81609.

NLM
Liu Y, Sun Y, Guo Y, Shi X, Chen X, Feng W, Wu LL, Zhang J, Yu S, Wang Y, Shi Y. An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism. Int J Biol Sci 2023; 19(3):897-915. doi:10.7150/ijbs.81609. https://www.ijbs.com/v19p0897.htm

CSE
Liu Y, Sun Y, Guo Y, Shi X, Chen X, Feng W, Wu LL, Zhang J, Yu S, Wang Y, Shi Y. 2023. An Overview: The Diversified Role of Mitochondria in Cancer Metabolism. Int J Biol Sci. 19(3):897-915.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.