1. Hefei Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases, Hefei 230022, China
2. Department of respiratory and critical care medicine, the first affiliated hospital of Anhui medical university, Hefei 230022, China
3. Department of oncology, the first affiliated hospital of Anhui medical university, Hefei 230022, China
4. Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Cedars sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles 90015, USA
5. The first clinical college of Anhui medical university, Hefei 230032, China
*These authors contributed equally to the work.
Non-coding RNAs play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was performed to investigate the role of PVT1 and miR-146a single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the lung function of COPD smokers. Real-time PCR and Western blot analyses were performed to measure the expression of miR-146 and PVT1 SNPs and determine the effect of these SNPs on the pathogenesis of COPD. A total of 100 COPD smokers were enrolled in this study and divided into four groups as follows: Rs2910164CC/GC + Rs13281615GG; Rs2910164CC/GC + Rs13281615GA/AA; Rs2910164GG + Rs13281615GG; and Rs2910164GG + Rs13281615GA/AA. No obvious differences in terms of age, sex, and body height and weight were found among the four groups. However, the Rs2910164GG + Rs13281615GA/AA was associated with the highest stage of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease and the highest values of the forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume, and diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide, while the lowest values of these parameters were observed in the Rs2910164CC/GC + Rs13281615GG group. In addition, the highest and lowest COX2 levels were observed in the Rs2910164GG + Rs13281615GA/AA and Rs2910164CC/GC + Rs13281615GG groups, respectively. PVT1 directly and negatively regulated the miR-146a expression, which in turn directly and negatively regulated COX2 expression. Thus, the combined actions of SNP in PVT1 Rs13281615 and miR-146a Rs2910164 affected the lung function in COPD smokers.
Keywords: PVT1, miR-146a, rs13281615, rs2910164, COX2, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease