Int J Biol Sci 2021; 17(15):4493-4513. doi:10.7150/ijbs.66181 This issue

Review

Close interactions between lncRNAs, lipid metabolism and ferroptosis in cancer

Jingjing Huang1,2#, Jin Wang3#, Hua He1,2#, Zichen Huang3, Sufang Wu1,2, Chao Chen3, Wenbing Liu4, Li Xie4, Yongguang Tao5, Li Cong1,2✉, Yiqun Jiang1,2✉

1. The Key Laboratory of Model Animal and Stem Cell Biology in Hunan Province, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410013 Hunan, China.
2. School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410013 Hunan, China.
3. School of Medicine & Holistic Integrative Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210013 Jiangsu, China.
4. Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, 410013 Hunan, P.R. China.
5. Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Cancer Invasion, Ministry of Education, Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, School of Basic Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, 410078 Hunan, China.
#These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Citation:
Huang J, Wang J, He H, Huang Z, Wu S, Chen C, Liu W, Xie L, Tao Y, Cong L, Jiang Y. Close interactions between lncRNAs, lipid metabolism and ferroptosis in cancer. Int J Biol Sci 2021; 17(15):4493-4513. doi:10.7150/ijbs.66181. Available from https://www.ijbs.com/v17p4493.htm

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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Abnormal lipid metabolism including synthesis, uptake, modification, degradation and transport has been considered a hallmark of malignant tumors and contributes to the supply of substances and energy for rapid cell growth. Meanwhile, abnormal lipid metabolism is also associated with lipid peroxidation, which plays an important role in a newly discovered type of regulated cell death termed ferroptosis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to be associated with the occurrence and progression of cancer. Growing evidence indicates that lncRNAs are key regulators of abnormal lipid metabolism and ferroptosis in cancer. In this review, we mainly summarized the mechanism by which lncRNAs regulate aberrant lipid metabolism in cancer, illustrated that lipid metabolism can also influence the expression of lncRNAs, and discussed the mechanism by which lncRNAs affect ferroptosis. A comprehensive understanding of the interactions between lncRNAs, lipid metabolism and ferroptosis could help us to develop novel strategies for precise cancer treatment in the future.

Keywords: LncRNAs, Lipid metabolism, Ferroptosis, Cancer